Regardless of a child’s capability, cognitive level, or background, they have the right to a fair education.
This means having access to a learning environment which is inclusive and appreciates a child’s individual characteristics, rather than discriminating against them.
Individuality is something to be celebrated, especially in nursery and school when children are finding their own identity.
No two children are the same, and this should never be an issue. Every child should be supported and valued in their own right to ensure they have confidence in their own ability.
This puts them in good stead for future life, as they harness self acceptance and good self esteem. It is the responsibility of a nursery practitioner to ensure each child is treated equally and there are certain methods they can put in place to do this.
In this blog post we’ll identify what inclusive practice means and how teachers can incorporate this into the classroom.
What is Inclusive Practice?
Inclusive practice ensures each child is treated fairly and with respect. By having access to educational content, each child is able to fully participate in their own learning which provides them with the skills and resources for later life.
The approach understands that every child is unique and this affects their readiness and ability to learn. As a result, teaching methods and activities should be structured to accommodate this.
By putting children’s needs at the forefront, it increases the likelihood that they will participate in activities as they will be motivated to learn. If activities are tailored to their own capabilities, they will feel supported and inspired to get involved.
Whilst there is currently no legislation around Inclusive Practice as such, those who come into contact with children should be aware of what this means.
There are publications around this topic such as The Equality Act 2010 and Schools, which states it is unlawful to discriminate against a child because of a certain characteristic.
Why is Inclusive Practice Important in Early Years?
During the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) children are first starting to learn about themselves, others, and the world around them.
They are just beginning to form their own identity, making them vulnerable at this early stage of life. Their interactions with others can greatly affect their perception of themselves, including their self confidence and self worth.
It’s important these interactions are positive so children grow up as kind, well rounded, respectful individuals.
On a bigger scale, this contributes to a better society as people are more understanding and accepting of different people.
This stems from early years learning so it’s important the classroom environment is inclusive from the outset. This helps to instill these traits in each child from a young age.
Inclusive practice has lots of benefits which extend beyond the learning of the child. Having knowledge of these principles also supports the professional development of teachers, and improves the experience for parents.
Benefits of an Inclusive Classroom
- Pupils learn the significance of diversity and equality.
- Students develop empathy and sensitivity to people who are different from them.
- It improves a child’s confidence.
- It provides teachers with lots of creative ways to include problem-solving and teamwork in their lessons.
- It provides parental confidence that their children will be accepted and learn in a safe space that acknowledges their individual needs.
By adopting these inclusive practices you can demonstrate to children and parents that you are striving for equality. This encourages them to follow the same principles as you work towards creating a better learning environment where no child feels embarrassed to be ‘different’.
How to Use Inclusive Practices in the Classroom
An inclusive classroom is one where differences are valued and celebrated.
For both students and teachers it is important they feel comfortable as this enhances their overall experience at school. It also helps to create an environment which is safe and welcoming so students want to come to school everyday.
In turn, this helps with attachment issues which can be a problem at such an early and sensitive age.
The principles below help nursery practitioners and nursery school owners to create an environment which celebrates student diversity.
- Leadership- A strong leadership team who believe in inclusive practice and value its importance. This is a great way to lay the base for an inclusive school.
- School climate and structure- Educators must ensure that all children feel included and as though they are valued members of the community. This extends to the school nurturing relationships between students and their families.
- Family and Community involvement- This could include hosting events for family members or encouraging members of the wider community to come and volunteer.
When it comes to teaching, it is important lesson plans are structured to meet the needs of different children. For example, if a child has ADHD, you might shorten the length of tasks and use frequent breaks to sustain their attention.
This shows how you’re accommodating for their different learning styles and tailoring the task at hand to suit. Rather than changing the task altogether, you have used your skillset to adapt it instead. This helps children feel less ‘different’ as they are still doing the same task as the rest of the children, they’re just approaching it in a different way.
Inclusive Practice Teaching Checklist
As a nursery practitioner, it’s important you understand the importance of creating an inclusive classroom environment and embrace each child as an individual.
Throughout your career, you are constantly learning and developing new and improved ways to approach teaching practices.
We’ve put together an ‘inclusive practice checklist’ to help you incorporate these principles into your everyday teaching. This ensures all children receive equal opportunities despite their level of learning and capabilities.
Reflect On Your Teaching Methods
Take time to reflect on your current teaching methods. From the way you plan lessons, to how you interact with children, to what resources you choose, there will always be a reason behind each choice.
During your own life you will have been through various experiences which will influence the way you teach. This might be on a subconscious level and you might not even realise the significance of these earlier experiences.
Your personality, likes and dislikes, interests, and opinions will all play an important role. Consider how you approach different activities and the purpose of each activity. Did you choose a particular resource because it’s what you would have enjoyed when you were at school?
Try to think of it from a students point of view and make sure resources are equal and accessible for each student.
Examine Any Prejudice
You should also think about any opinions you hold for certain people or groups of people. Again this could be on a subconscious level so you might have to dig a little deeper.
An example of this would be a child who reminds you of your own child. Subconsciously, this might lead you to having an affinity for them which is not fair teaching. Similarly, you might have a prejudice towards a different child if they remind you of a previous student you have taught.
Take time to consider these things and identify whether they are inclusive or disadvantageous to a child’s learning.
Inclusive practice ensures that each child can flourish in their education regardless of their capabilities and daily struggles.
To make this possible, it’s important teachers practice a range of teaching methods to cater for different ways of learning. It’s not about treating everybody the same, but instead meeting individual needs and preferences.
By being flexible with your teaching methods, you are giving each child the opportunity to learn and to engage in an activity that plays to their strengths.
You can incorporate inclusive practices into your classroom by providing a range of learning set ups. This includes children working in pairs, groups or individually, working on computers or out of books, creative writing, physical activities and musical activities.
Children will usually enjoy one particular way of working over another so it’s important you embrace variety and provide as many opportunities as possible to support their learning.
Adapt Your Content
Similar to the point above, it’s important the content you teach is flexible and adapted to different ways of learning. This might mean you need to be prepared for different situations and have the resources readily available should you need to alter your approach.
For example, if a child is a visual learner, consider how you can adapt written content to suit this way of learning. Instead of strictly sticking to text heavy content, and running the risk of alienating their learning preference, is there a way you can present this information in an infographic for example?
This increases the likelihood that the child will succeed in this particular subject as you’re adapting the content into a format they understand.
You should also strengthen your point about diversity by using examples. For instance, you could include a disabled child in one of your exercises. It’s important you teach students about disabilities, different cultures, race, and religion as these are the foundation blocks for existing in wider society.
From an early age, children should be aware of these different topics as it strengthens their understanding and makes them more accepting of others.
Support Your Students
If you have a child with additional needs in your class, then it is important you make any necessary adjustments to facilitate their learning.
This includes removing or minimising barriers that could hinder their learning experience or that make accessing the learning environment more challenging.
For example if you’re planning a sports activity make sure you adapt it for a child who is in a wheelchair. This ensures that they feel included and part of the activity despite their condition. This will improve their confidence and allows them to join in and socialise with other children.
Another example would be supporting a child who is deaf. This could include providing a script for the child if you were watching a video that relied heavily on audio, or sitting the child at the front of the classroom.
It’s crucial you understand each child’s level of learning and any challenges they are facing that could impact their educational development. You can then plan lessons and activities that are appropriate and provide additional support where necessary.
This creates an inclusive, safe, and inspiring environment where children genuinely want to attend and learn.
Caring for Children With SEND
Lots of childcare providers look after children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND). A child might be diagnosed with an educational need before they have joined nursery or this might be identified during their learning journey.
Early identification of SEND is important to ensure future learning is structured to suit the needs of the child. This makes sure they are supported throughout their development and that all activities are within their capabilities.
As a result, each child is assessed on their individual strengths and weaknesses instead of implementing a ‘blanket’ approach that treats each child as though they learn the same way.
To create an inclusive learning experience for children with SEND, teachers should ensure teaching is consistent. Whether that’s in the classroom or at home, every adult should understand the child’s needs and how they can be supported. Take time to share information with parents, and vice versa to ensure a child’s learning requirements are being met.
The Learning Journals platform makes these important communications easy. With our online platform, you can easily record, upload and share unlimited observations with parents. They can also comment back and interact with the observations to identify any areas of concern or to offer feedback.
As a nursery practitioner, you should make time for your own professional development. By striving to improve your teaching practices you are providing children with the best possible education. Try to stay up to date with key changes in the field of SEND so you always understand how to best support these students.
What Is Inclusive Practice and Why Does It Matter?
Each child has the right to be heard.
This means creating an inclusive classroom where children feel safe and inspired to learn regardless of their capabilities.
Individual characteristics should never hinder a child’s learning experience, but instead, should be celebrated. It’s important to value what each child can bring to the classroom environment as diversity is key for everyday life.
No two students are the same, and these differences create a learning environment which is collaborative and cooperative. This deepens the learning experience for children as by understanding different perspectives it helps broaden their own.
Beyond education, children will come into contact with various cultures and groups of people. It’s important they are aware of these differences and are accepting of them as this enables them to thrive outside of the classroom, both professionally and personally.
For teachers, inclusive practices must be implemented from early childhood. By observing children and communicating with parents, you can better understand a child’s capabilities and their specific way of learning. You can incorporate this information into your lesson plan and create an inclusive classroom which is accessible for all students.
Observation and communication are key pillars for inclusive practice.
With the Learning Journals platform you can share limitless observations with parents and easily comment on a child’s profile. This creates an open conversation between nursery school practitioners and parents so they can collaboratively work towards delivering the best education for a child.
Request your free trial today and see the benefits of the platform for yourself and your child!